'Keeb Kwm Hejaz Railway nrog Cov Ntawv Teev Tseg Khoom Qhia Dav Hlau Ua Si hauv Jordan

keeb kwm hejaz kev tsheb nqaj hlau tso rau hauv urdunde nrog cov ntaub ntawv qhib
keeb kwm hejaz kev tsheb nqaj hlau tso rau hauv urdunde nrog cov ntaub ntawv qhib

Lub rooj nthuav qhia "Los ntawm Istanbul mus rau Hijaz: Hicaz Railways nrog Cov Ntaub Ntawv" tau npaj los ntawm Turkish Kev Koom Tes thiab Kev Sib Koom Tes (TIKA) thiab Yunus Emre Institute (YEE) tau qhib hauv Irbid, lub nroog loj thib ob hauv Jordan.

Tsim nyob rau hauv kev koom tes nrog TIKA thiab YEE lub Rau Hli Ntuj, qhov thib ob nres ntawm qhov chaw ua yeeb yam, uas tau muaj nyob hauv lub nroog Amman, yog Irbid, yog ib lub nroog tseem ceeb ntawm Jordan. Qhib kev nthuav dav 19. Nws tau tsim tsa los ntawm Turkish Ambassador rau Amman Murat Karagöz hauv Dar Raws li Saraya Tsev khaws puav pheej, uas tau txhim tsa ua Ottoman tus nom hauv xyoo 16th.

Nyob rau hauv nws qhib kev hais lus, ntawm 2020 xyoo, "Jordan kev sib nrig sib Qaib ntxhw Culture xyoo" tshaj tawm hais tias Ambassador nco qab hais tias Karagoz qhov ntsiab lus teb, cov txheej xwm yuav ntxiv yuav ncaav, nws hais tias.

Karagöz ntxiv tias kev rov kho vaj tse yog raug ua nyob ntawm Amman Railway Station los ntawm TİKA thiab tias kev tsim kho ntawm lub tsev cia puav pheej, uas yuav piav qhia txog keeb kwm ntawm Hejaz Railway tseem tab tom txuas ntxiv.

Tsis pub dhau qhov kev tshwm sim ntawm cov xwm txheej, cov ntaub ntawv thiab cov duab tau nthuav tawm ntawm 100, uas tau muaj sia los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv hauv Ottoman. Hauv kev nthuav dav, II. Txoj haujlwm pub dawb pib los ntawm Abdulhamid suav nrog cov ntaub ntawv, cov qauv ntsuas hlau, ntawv xov xwm ntawm kev sib raug zoo, cov duab qhia keeb kwm thiab duab ntawm cov neeg uas txhawb nqa lawv ob sab hauv thiab sab nraum tebchaws Ottoman.

Qhov kev tshwm sim tau koom nrog pab pawg Arab thiab Turkmen neeg, cov neeg ua lag luam, cov kws tshaj lij, tsoomfwv cov neeg ua haujlwm thiab cov neeg qhua Turkish thiab Jordanian nyob hauv Irbid.

Hejaz Railway

Sultan II. Nws tau tsim ntawm Damascus thiab Medina nruab nrab xyoo 1900-1908, uas Abdulhamid Khan tau hais txog Hejaz Railway ua dır kuv npau suav qub ". Kev tsim kho ntawm txoj kab ntawm Damascus mus rau Medina tau mus txog hauv Amman hauv 1903, Maan hauv 1904, Medayin-i Salih hauv 1906 thiab Medina hauv 1908.

Kev tsim kho ntawm txoj kev tsheb ciav hlau tau ua tiav tiav nyob rau lub sijhawm tsim nyog txawm tias muaj kev nyuaj siab los ntawm huab cua kub, ntuj qhuav heev, dej tsis txaus thiab av tsis zoo.

Hicaz Railway, ib txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb tshaj plaws nyob rau lub sijhawm ntawd, tau paub nrog cov nyiaj pub dawb xa mus rau lub tebchaws Ottoman los ntawm cov neeg Muslim nyob hauv ntau thaj chaw hauv ntiaj teb thiab tau los ua haujlwm uas ua lub cim txog kev sib sau ntawm cov neeg Muslims. 1 / 3 tau muab los ntawm nyiaj pub dawb thiab 2 / 3 los ntawm lwm cov nyiaj tau los.

Ntxiv rau kev tsim ua tub rog tseem ceeb, kev nom kev tswv, kev lag luam thiab kev sib raug zoo rau Ottoman Empire, txoj kev tsheb nqaj hlau tau raug txo qis mus rau plaub caug tsib hnub ntawm kev mus ncig uas tsis muaj kev phom sij, uas tau siv sijhawm kwv yees li plaub caug hnub thiab tsib caug hnub los ntawm Mecca mus rau Syria.

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Txog Levent Elmastaş
RayHaber editor

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